Cigar Shapes and Sizes
The shape and size of a cigar is given by two measurements the consist of the ring gauge and its length.
The ring gauge is defined by the diameter in 64th’s of an inch. For example: If a cigar has a 50 ring gauge then it is 50/64ths of an inch thick.
Length is a bit more straight forward: It’s the length of the cigar given in inches.
When it comes to the actual shape, or roll, of the cigar there will be two major groups: Parejos and the Figurado.
A Parejo has a straight cylinder body where one end of the cigar will be “capped“, or closed, and the other end, or foot, will be open. This will require the smoker to use a cut, punch, or v-cut to open the closed end. The figurado shape is the most common.
Figurado have a more complex shape and require more skill from the roller. One end of the figurado is usually pointed. The shape of the cigar can also have a bulge or other “unique” features or shapes. Cigars have been made into baseball bats, chili peppers, and even footballs. Most of the time figurado shaped cigars must be cut.
As you read through the definitions of the cigar sizes or see how the ring gauge effects the name of the cigar: Please know that cigar manufactures still call their sticks whatever they wish. For example, one corona cigar might be another companies robusto.
Petit Corona: This short corona is usually only 4 1/2 inches, with a ring gauge of 40 to 42.
Corona: Traditional dimensions are 5 1/2 to 6 inches with a ring gauge of 42 to 44.
Churchill: A large corona format. The traditional dimensions are 7 inches by a 48 ring gauge.
Robusto: The traditional size is 5 to 5 1/2 inches with a 50 ring gauge.
Corona Gorda: Aslo referred to as a robusto extra. The traditional measurements are 5 5/8 inches by a 46 ring gauge.
Double Corona: The standard dimensions are 7 1/2 to 8 inches by a 49 to 52 ring gauge.
Lonsdale: A lonsdale is generally thicker than a panetela but longer than a corona. The classic size is 6 3/4 inches by a 42 to 44 ring gauge.
Panetela: Shaped like a longer, thinner corona, panetelas were more popular in years past than they are today. This format varies in length from 5 to 7 1/2 inches and has a ring gauge of 34 to 38. This shape is also used to create the Culebra.
Pyramid: A sharply tapered and closed-headed cigar with a wider open foot. These cigars are between 6 and 7 inches with a ring gauge of around 40 at the head that widens to 52 to 54 at the foot.
Belicoso: A belicoso was a short pyramid 5 to 5 1/2 inches in length with a shorter, more rounded taper at the head and a ring gauge generally of 50 or less. Belicosos today are frequently coronas or corona gordas with a tapered head.
Torpedo: A torpedo has a closed foot, a pointed head and a bulged middle.
Perfecto: This shape has a closed foot and a bulge in the middle. The difference is that the head is rounded rather than pointed. Perfectos mainly describe the shape – and are not limited or defined by size.
Culebra: This exotic shape, made up of three panetelas braided together and banded as one cigar. The three parts are unbraided and smoked separately. They are usually 5 to 6 inches in length with a 38 ring gauge. You can read more about the culebra here.
Presidente/Diademas: This cigar is 8 inches or longer. The head is closed and tapered with a ring gauge of 40. The foot, which can be open or closed, is a 52 ring gauge or larger.
* The cigar ring gauge chart is only meant to display the minute difference or relative difference in ring gauge size.
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